International Journal of Research and Innovations in Science and Technology

♦ Call for Papers   No Publication Charges Join IJRIST in Linkdin

Design And Fabrication Of Human Leg Support

Author(s) : Karthik G S, Nithin T J, Sarin John Skaria, Thomas Gregory

Volume & Issue : VOLUME 3 / 2016 , ISSUE 1

Page(s) : 7-16
ISSN (Online): 2394-3858
ISSN (Print) : 2394-3866


Robotic lower limb exoskeletons have been built for augmenting human performance, assisting people with disabilities, studying human physiology, and re-training motor deficiencies. The main function of a powered exoskeleton is to assist the wearer by boosting their strength and endurance. Our project aims to develop an ergonomic, cost effective, yet powerful exoskeleton to aid the disabled and soldiers. We plan to use a light weight, but stiff material capable enough to handle the compressive stresses developed by the weight of the user. The links are driven using independent motors. Electric motors are used for the actuators due to their higher efficiency and lower weight. The system is fastened to the wearer using broad Velcro strips to employ universal compatibility and to avoid discomfort. The current system uses a pre-programmed microcontroller to actuate the motors. The speed and number of revolutions are determined in accordance with the human gait cycle. In order to obtain the required motion, sprockets are used along with simple cable -pulley system, thereby decreasing the overall weight of the system. The pace can be altered by suitably changing the voltage supplied to the motors using the driver circuit. The primary benefactors of the product will be the senior citizen, whose numbers are expected to shoot up to 70 percentage by 2050. So an ergonomic and cost effective exoskeletons market is expected to go nowhere but upwards. The links of our product are so designed to be 95 percentile human, so that it fits practically everyone. Provisions for small adjustments are also provided for additional comfort. The compact and vertical design not only creates an aesthetic appearance. It is also commendable that the existing technological exoskeletons rest a fortune and hence has not achieved a great appeal in the market. It is in this context that our cost effective exoskeleton becomes commercially important.


Augmenting human performance, powerful exoskeleton, universal compatibility, pre-programmed microcontroller, 95 percentile human.


  1. Dollar, A.M. and Herr, H. “Lower Extremity Exoskeletons and Active Orthoses: Challenges and State‐of‐the‐Art”. IEEE Transactions on Robotics, (2008), 24(1): 144‐158.
  2. Kazerooni, H., "Human-Robot Interaction via the Transfer of Power and Information Signals," IEEE Trans. on Systems and Cybernetics, V. 20, No. 2, Mar. 1990.
  3. Strausser, K.A. and Kazerooni, H. “The Development and Testing of a Human Machine Interface for a Mobile Medical Exoskeleton”. Proceeding of International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, (2011), pp. 4911‐ 4916.
  4. Veneman, J. F., Kruidhof, R., Hekman, E. E. G., Ekkelenkamp, R., Asseldonk, E. H. F. V., and van der Kooij, H.,“Design and Evaluation of the LOPES Exoskeleton Robot for Interactive Gait Rehabilitation,” IEEE Trans. Neural Syst. Rehabil. Eng., 2007, 15(3), pp. 379–386.